What are the different types of water wells?

Well water head.

Private Water Wells:


Private wells provide an independent and reliable source of water for many homeowners across the globe. If you’re considering installing a private well, it’s essential to understand the different types of wells available and their respective advantages and drawbacks. In this article, we will explore three common methods of constructing private wells – Dug/Bored wells, Driven wells, and Drilled wells – to help you make an informed decision based on your needs and local geology.


Types of private wells:


Dug/Bored Wells:

Dug or bored wells are the simplest and oldest method of well construction. These wells are excavated by hand or using digging equipment until the water table is reached. Typically, they are wide and shallow, making them more susceptible to contamination from surface runoff. While they are cost-effective and suitable for areas with shallow water tables, they may not yield sufficient water in regions with lower water tables or during droughts.

Driven Wells:

Driven wells are installed by driving a small-diameter pipe into the ground using a driving point and a heavy hammer or mallet. These wells are relatively easy and inexpensive to install, making them a popular choice for temporary water supply needs. However, driven wells are generally shallow and may not provide enough water in areas with deeper water tables. Additionally, their susceptibility to surface contamination is a concern, and regular testing is essential to ensure water quality.

Drilled Wells:

Drilled wells are the most common and versatile type of private well. These wells are constructed by using a drilling rig to bore a hole deep into the ground, reaching the water-bearing aquifer. Drilled wells can be customized to suit specific water demands and geological conditions. They are typically deeper than dug or driven wells, offering more water supply potential and reduced susceptibility to contamination. However, drilling wells can be more expensive, and the cost may vary depending on the depth and the geological features of the area.

Choosing the right type of well:


Selecting the right type of well for your property is a critical decision that will influence your water supply for years to come. Dug/Bored wells, Driven wells, and Drilled wells each have their advantages and disadvantages. Dug wells are simple and cost-effective but may not be suitable for all locations. Driven wells offer a quick and inexpensive solution but may not yield enough water in certain areas. Drilled wells are versatile and can provide a more reliable water supply, but they may come with a higher initial cost. Consider the local geology, water needs, and budget when choosing the appropriate well type for your property. Seeking advice from a qualified well drilling professional will help ensure that you make the best decision for your specific situation.